When I finished the class my father bought me a Royal portable typewriter. },{ iasLog("exclusion label : mcp"); How to Recognize and Use Clauses in English Grammar, Examples and Usage of Conjunctions in English Grammar, Definition of Compound Sentences and How to Use Them, 100 Key Terms Used in the Study of Grammar, Dependent Clause: Definition and Examples, Definition and Examples of Subordinate Clauses, French Subordinate Clause: French Grammar and Pronunciation Glossary, Identifying Independent and Dependent Clauses, Adverb (Adverbial) Clause Definition and Examples, Ph.D., Rhetoric and English, University of Georgia, M.A., Modern English and American Literature, University of Leicester, B.A., English, State University of New York. ga('set', 'dimension3', "default"); A subordinate clause is a clause that cannot stand alone as a complete sentence; it merely complements a sentence’s main clause, thereby adding to the whole unit of meaning. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; Sentences (main clauses in bold): { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, Browse our dictionary apps today and ensure you are never again lost for words. Noun clauses are dependent clauses that must be paired with an independent (main) clause. }, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [300, 600] }}, iasLog("criterion : sfr = cdo_dict_english"); pbjs.que.push(function() { Conditional sentences consist of two clauses: an if-clause and a main clause. 'min': 8.50, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, The subject is the entity “doing” the action of the sentence and the verb is the action that subject completes. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, 1. googletag.enableServices(); { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, 'increment': 0.5, } dfpSlots['topslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/topslot', [[728, 90]], 'ad_topslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); ga('set', 'dimension2', "ex"); { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 250] }}, }, You cannot create a complex sentence without using a subordinate clause in it. googletag.cmd = googletag.cmd || []; { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, main clause doesn't have a definition yet. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654149' }}, }] "Dinner always took a long time, because Antonapoulos loved food and he was very slow. You also need to follow different tips for using each relative clause properly. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; Compare →... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples A main clause is a clause (group of words with a subject and verb in) that contains a subject and an object. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654149' }}, googletag.pubads().collapseEmptyDivs(false); One feature of the levels of sentence and clause is that they both need to include a person (s) or thing (s) carrying out some sort of action. Here are some examples: 1. You must have at least one main clause in every sentence. "While Fern was in school, Wilbur was shut up inside his yard. name: "pubCommonId", 'increment': 0.05, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971065', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, addPrebidAdUnits(pbAdUnits); googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_tc", "resp"); var mapping_topslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[728, 90]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); 'max': 3, var pbMobileHrSlots = [ In the following examples, notice the main clause does not necessarily include modifying words. googletag.pubads().setCategoryExclusion('mcp').setCategoryExclusion('resp').setCategoryExclusion('wprod'); Usage explanations of natural written and spoken English, 0 && stateHdr.searchDesk ? var pbHdSlots = [ Matthews defined a main clause as "[a] clause which bears no relation, or no relation other than coordination, to any other or larger clause." a clause that can stand alone as a sentence, containing a subject and a predicate with a finite verb, as I was there in the sentence I was there when he arrived. The subordinate clause is, as such, dependent on the independent clause to provide the complete meaning. In … Main clause examples include: The lion roared at its prey { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971066', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, … [W2B-031 #58] This graph shows [that the instrument worked well up to five megaHertz]. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446381' }}, expires: 60 In "The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics," P.H. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, A simple explanation of main and subordinate clauses and some practice sentences. if(pl_p) In writing, a sentence typically begins with a capital letter and ends with a full stop: She spoke to me. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, What is a subordinate clause? Unlike phrases, a clause can sometimes act as a sentence – this type of clause is called an independent clause. A main clause is the essential component. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, The two main types of clause which can combine to form sentences are main clauses and subordinate clauses. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_leftslot' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776336', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, If you love me, let me go! googletag.cmd.push(function() { { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [320, 50] }}, "sign-out": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/auth/signout?rid=READER_ID" An independent clause is a clause that makes complete sense. The main clause makes a sentence in itself. name: "idl_env", { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [320, 50] }}, },{ However, there is one aspect of sound programming [which isn't on the knobs and sliders]. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 50] }}, } Main clause Every sentence contains at least one main clause. "authorizationTimeout": 10000 { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, }], { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, Basically, a subordinate clause cannot function as a complete sentence. Any opinions in the examples do not represent the opinion of the Cambridge Dictionary editors or of Cambridge University Press or its licensors. By definition, a compound sentence has two independent clauses connected by a conjunction. enableSendAllBids: false, For example: "error": true, partner: "uarus31" var mapping_btmslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250], 'fluid']).addSize([0, 0], [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50], 'fluid']).build(); {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, 'increment': 0.01, bidderSequence: "fixed" { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, iasLog("criterion : cdo_tc = resp"); pbjs.setConfig(pbjsCfg); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, var mapping_topslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], []).addSize([0, 550], [[300, 250]]).addSize([0, 0], [[300, 50], [320, 50], [320, 100]]).build(); A main clause can convey a complete meaning; thus, it can stand alone as an independent sentence. var pbjs = pbjs || {}; { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, Since the terminal position in the sentence carries the most weight and since the main clause is more emphatic than a subordinate clause in a complex sentence, writers often place the subordinate clause before the main clause to give maximal emphasis to the main clause. {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, The two main clauses are joined by the connective 'and'. var pbAdUnits = getPrebidSlots(curResolution); 'min': 3.05, Unlike a dependent or subordinate clause, a main clause can stand alone as a sentence, while two or more main clauses can be joined with a coordinating conjunction (such as and) to create a compound sentence. The best writers not only know how to identify essential elements of sentences, they also learn to shape their words into catchy, creative clauses. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776358', position: 'atf' }}, Since "when I was 12 years old" and "When I finished the class" are modified by "when," yet another subordinate conjunction, they are both subordinate clauses. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 50] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_leftslot_160x600' }}, A main clause is a clause that makes sense on its own and can also exist in a sentence on its own. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, In sentence structure, the simple subject is the "who, what, or where" that comprises the main focus of the sentence. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971066', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, A complex sentence consists of one or more clauses which could be a combination of two or more main clauses, or a combination of main and subordinate clauses. 2. "authorizationFallbackResponse": { Each clause is of equal importance and gives information of equal value. You can’t be shy if you want to make friends. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776140', position: 'atf' }}, What Is an Independent Clause in English? expires: 365 The sentence consists of a main clause and a subordinate clause. Main clause definition: A main clause is a clause that can stand alone as a complete sentence. The order of the clauses can be very important for the meaning. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971065', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [160, 600] }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, Noun Clause. priceGranularity: customGranularity, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, }); An object is a person or thing being talked about in a clause, like a subject, but it's not doing anything. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346698' }}, For example, in the sentence, "The angry bear howled ominously," the word "bear" is the simple subject and the predicate is "howled" so the main clause of the sentence would be, "The bear howled.". 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