Chickweed is adaptable to all conditions and soil types with a preference for moist, well-watered soil. Chickweed can grow over the winter months but does not survive dry conditions and dies back in most summers; Its prevalence increases as soils become more fertile. Common chickweed tolerates sun or shade, wet or dry conditions, and pops up in disturbed soil such as gardens and lawns. Habitat. Chickweed is tenacious and recovers quickly if the roots aren’t completely removed. Its pointed oval-shaped leaves grow in pairs opposite each other, fairly far apart on the stem. What’s more, a single chickweed plant can produce an impressive 800 seeds in a single season -- but that’s not the only way it spreads. One plant can easily produce 600 to 1,500 seeds, which germinate in a very short time. It grows nearly everywhere around the world. Common Mouse Ear Chickweed will spread very quickly in soil that is chalky and dry. It inhabits agricultural land and other disturbed sites. In lawns, it forms dense, prostrate patches throughout North America, but can grow relatively tall in the landscape. Seed germination: Seed of chickweed are viable as soon as they are shed. Spray the weed killer over your entire lawn or garden. Preferred Habitat. Chickweed, also known as Common Chickweed, is extremely prevalent here in Tennessee. Its many leaves are small and succulent, much shaped like an egg, with a light green color. Life cycle. like rich soil—high in nitrogen—and will grow well in alkaline, compacted soil. This weed can even sprout new roots from the nodes on its stem and take over your lawn that way. Common groundsel (Senecio vulgaris) is an indicator of rich soil. Many species of wildlife feed on its leaves and seeds. It will die off when the hot and dry summer comes. The straggly, weak stems may stretch along the ground for two feet or more forming dense mats only a few inches off the ground. after they are shed. A vigorous, thick turf shades the weed seed and greatly reduces germination. Chickweed can germinate throughout the year but has two main flushes; one is early spring while the other is late fall. The fruit contains many seeds within a dry capsule which splits when mature, shaking out the seeds onto the soil. Chickweed does grow best (thicker, larger, juicier plants) in rich, moist soil that’s high in organic matter. Mow every week … The optimum temperature for germination is between 12 to 20 degree C. High temperatures are inhibitory and germination does not occur when temperature exceeds 30 degrees C. Optimum depth for germination … One of these winter annual broadleaf weeds is common chickweed, Stellaria media, sometimes called starweed or tongue grass. Treatment. The stringy but succulent stems of chickweed can grow up to a foot and a half or so and produce tiny white flowers throughout the growing season. Common Chickweed, on the other hand, is an annual weed and the plant dies at the end of the season. Buried seeds require light before germination can occur. While chickweed prefers moisture-rich soils, it will grow in nearly any type of soil and under most conditions. The leaves are opposite (2 per node), oval with pointed tips and smooth or slightly hairy. Chickweed is a common annual weed of both cultivated and bare ground. Chickweed … Distinguishing Characteristics . Chickweed grows well in compacted soil. Seeds are dispersed in mud on footwear and tires as well as by animals. Common groundsel. Perhaps the most distinguishing feature of common chickweed is the single lengthwise line of fine white hair on one side of the stem but switching sides above and below each node. There are two ways to control Chickweed chemically. Also known as starwort, satin flower, and other names, this weed is an annual that grows from seeds that sprout in the fall. They don’t plant the chickweed as much as they allow it to grow on the peripheries of where the other plants live. To identify chickweed, start by looking at the plant's leaves, which will look like an oval with a pointed tip if it's chickweed. Each flower is about 1 cm across with 5 deeply notched white petals, usually with ten stamens with light yellow to greenish or even reddish anthers and a round green ovary in the centre with 5 filament-like styles at the top. These weeds are found as spreading clumps, 4-12 inches tall. Chickweed is edible and is often used to feed chickens or livestock, but this is no reason to let it grow and take over your precious lawn. Chickweed seeds like to grow in thatch so controlling lawn thatch can reduce the problem somewhat. Because of the multiple species, Chickweed can vary in appearance but look in particular for plants with small egg-shaped leaves that grow in clumps. 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